Climat : papiers de recherche moissonnés (28/02/2016)
Financing urban adaptation to climate change. European Environment Agency, Feb. 2017, 36 p. (EEA Report No 2/2017) http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/financing-urban-adaptation-to-climate-change
Municipalities across Europe increasingly acknowledge the need to adapt to climate change and have begun to adopt various measures. Meeting the costs of adaptation measures for climate change is, however, a major challenge. Municipalities have found innovative ways to overcome that challenge and have started implementing measures. These solutions could be relevant for other cities, towns and smaller municipalities too, and examples are collected and presented in this publication as an inspiration. It offers insights into lessons learned on the ground regarding the most successful approaches, the difficulties encountered and overcome and the key success factors in financing local adaptation action.
The key role of forests in meeting climate targets requires science for credible mitigation / Giacomo Grassi, Jo House, Frank Dentener, Sandro Federici, Michel den Elzenand Jim Penman, Nature Climate Change, published online 27 February 2017 http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nclimate3227.html
Forest-based climate mitigation may occur through conserving and enhancing the carbon sink and through reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation. Yet the inclusion of forests in international climate agreements has been complex, often considered a secondary mitigation option. In the context of the Paris Climate Agreement, countries submitted their (Intended) Nationally Determined Contributions ((I)NDCs), including climate mitigation targets…
Cooperation in the climate commons / Stefano Carattini, Simon Levin and Alessandro Tavoni. Grantham Research Institute of Climate change and the Environment ; Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy, Jan. 2017, 34 p. (Centre for Climate Change Economics and Policy Working Paper No. 292) http://www.cccep.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2017/01/working-paper-259-Carattini-et-al.pdf
Given the global public good properties of climate change mitigation, mitigation efforts have to rely on the willingness of individuals to contribute voluntarily to this public good, by reducing the demand on the environmental commons either in the form of “green” consumer behaviour or through the acceptance of costly climate policy. Both are likely to be necessary. This paper surveys the existing empirical evidence on the scope for cooperation in the climate commons and on the effectiveness of possible interventions to spur it. We survey evidence that suggests a central role for local social norms in the provision of global public goods. We discuss the importance of the visibility of norms and the role of beliefs when such visibility is lacking. We conclude that some actors may behave as conditional cooperators also when confronted with global dilemmas, similarly to what takes place in the local commons.
Pourquoi les risques climatiques physiques sont-ils importants pour les acteurs financiers ? / Jean-Marc Jancovici et Violaine Lepousez. Revue Banque, janvier 2017 http://www.carbone4.com/articles/revue-banque-risques-climatiques-physiques-importants-acteurs-financiers/
De nombreux pans de l’économie subissent déjà les conséquences du changement climatique. L’anticipation des risques physiques liés aux effets de ce changement est nécessaire et les investisseurs incitent de plus en plus les entreprises à s’emparer de la question. Cette anticipation passe par la mesure de l’exposition des actifs financiers aux risques climatiques qui pèsent sur les portefeuilles.