Climat : papiers de recherche moissonnés (jeudi 27 avril 2017)
Mobilising Bond Markets for a Low-Carbon Transition. Paris : OECD, April 2017, 132 p. http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/environment/mobilising-bond-markets-for-a-low-carbon-transition_9789264272323-en
This report describes the development of the green bond market as an innovative instrument for green finance, and provides a review of policy actions and options to promote further market development and growth. Since 2007-08, so-called “green bonds” have emerged and the market has risen from USD 3 billion in 2011 to USD 95 billion in issuance in 2016. For policy makers, the report proposes a framework for understanding potential directions of bond market evolution, increased convergence of rules and definitions, and quantitative analysis of the potential contribution that bond markets can make to a low-carbon transition.
Climate-resilient infrastructure: Getting the policies right / Lola Vallejo, Michael Mullan. Paris : OECD, April 2017, 74 p. (environment working paper ; 121) http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/environment/climate-resilient-infrastructure_02f74d61-en
Climate change will affect all types of infrastructure, including energy, transport and water. Rising temperatures, increased flood risk and other potential hazards will threaten the reliable and efficient operation of these networks, with potentially large economic and social impacts. Decisions made now about the design, location and operation of infrastructure will determine how resilient they will be to a changing climate.
This paper provides a framework for action aimed at national policymakers in OECD countries to help them ensure new and existing infrastructure is resilient to climate change. It examines national governments’ action in OECD countries, and provides recent insights from professional and industry associations, development banks and other financial institutions on how to make infrastructure more resilient to climate change.
Mobilizing climate finance flows: Nordic approaches and opportunities / Mikko Halonen, Julia Illman, Markus Klimscheffskij, et al. Nordic Council of Ministers, Nordic Council of Ministers Secretariat, Den nordiske arbejdsgruppe for globale klimaforhandlinger (NOAK). Copenhagen: Nordisk Ministerråd, 2017, 148 p. http://norden.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A1086204&dswid=-7869
If the Paris Agreement’s goal – to limit the global temperature increase below 2°C – is to be met, all financial flows need to shift dramatically and rapidly from current investment patterns to 2°C compatible pathways. This study analyses the roles Nordic actors might play in mobilizing finance flows internationally and outlines a roadmap that can guide joint Nordic action during the next five to ten years. While the roadmap covers components of “climate related ODA” and climate compatible contributions from the private sector, the focus of the roadmap lies on the crucial bridging and dialogue that is required between key actors. Building on identified Nordic strengths and areas needing accelerated international support, the report concludes with a set of immediate next steps to operationalize the roadmap in 2017-2018.