Energie : papiers de recherche moissonnés (mardi 13 juin 2017)

The empirics of enabling investment and innovation in renewable energy / Geraldine Ang, Dirk Röttgers, Pralhad Burli. Paris : OECD, June 2017, 94 p. (working paper ; 123) http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/environment/the-empirics-of-enabling-investment-and-innovation-in-renewable-energy_67d221b8-en

This working paper undertakes econometric analysis to assess the impacts of climate mitigation policies and the quality of the investment environment on investment and innovation in renewable power in OECD and G20 countries. It also assesses how countries’ investment environments interact with climate mitigation policies to influence investment and patent activity in renewable power. The paper gathered and tested data across OECD and G20 countries on more than 70 explanatory variables, which were analysed using two Poisson-family regression models: one to investigate determinants of investment flows in renewable power from 2000 until 2014; and one to investigate determinants of patent counts in renewable-power technologies from 2000 until 2012. Results of the econometric analysis are consistent with the main hypothesis in this paper that beyond setting climate mitigation policies, policy makers need to strengthen the general investment environment and align it with climate mitigation policies in order to mobilise investment and innovation in renewable power across OECD and G20 countries.

L’ajustement microéconomique des prix des carburants en France / Erwan Gautier et Ronan Le Saout, Economie & Prévision, n° 210, 2017, pp. 1-24 http://www.cairn.info/revue-economie-et-prevision-2017-1.htm

En utilisant des millions de relevés individuels de prix entre 2007 et 2009, cette étude décrit plusieurs faits stylisés sur l’ajustement des prix des carburants en France : ils changent en moyenne une fois par semaine ; ils sont plus souvent modifiés le mardi et le vendredi ; la concurrence accroît la fréquence des changements de prix ; la distribution des tailles de changements de prix présente peu de changements inférieurs à 2 % ; taille des changements de prix et durée des prix sont corrélées ; l’inflation des prix des carburants est surtout déterminée par la part relative des stations-service augmentant ou baissant leur prix. Les modèles de coût d’ajustement incluant des rigidités informationnelles reproduisent le mieux ces faits stylisés.

A new era of EU energy policy? Delivering on the Energy Union by National Plans / Niels Anger and Leonardo Zannier. Brussels : CEPS, 6 June 2017, 3 p. (commentary) https://www.ceps.eu/publications/new-era-eu-energy-policy-delivering-energy-union-national-plans

Prior to the adoption of the EU’s 2030 Framework for Energy and Climate and its subsequent endorsement by the European Council in 2014,[1] the delivery of European objectives for 2020, the needed predictability for investors and transparency for citizens were ensured through national targets for greenhouse gas emissions reductions, renewable energy and energy efficiency as well as through sectoral planning and reporting obligations on member states. Not only was this energy and climate policy regime adapted in 2014 essentially by setting energy policy targets at the EU level, but it was complemented by a holistic energy policy strategy in 2015…

Gas, Renewables & Power in Africa / Thierry Bros. Oxford Instiotute for Energy Studies, June 2017, 10 p. https://www.oxfordenergy.org/publications/gas-renewables-power-africa/

This presentation was given by Thierry Bros at the Africa Energy Forum in Copenhagen, 7-8 June 2017. Historically Africa is one of the world’s most neglected energy provinces where affordable clean energy is urgently needed. This presentation forms part of the OIES Gas Programme work on Africa and part of its ongoing research programme looking at the future of gas in the global energy mix.

Valorisation économique des Smart Grids. Contribution des gestionnaires de réseau public de distribution. Enedis ; ADEeF, 2017, 88 p. http://adeef.fr/index.php?page=actualites

Les réseaux publics de distribution sont au cœur de la dynamique territoriale de la transition énergétique. Les gestionnaires de réseau de distribution ont décidé depuis plusieurs années, notamment par une politique d’innovation forte à travers de nombreux démonstrateurs, d’accompagner et de faciliter la transition énergétique. Ils se sont pleinement engagés pour assurer leurs missions de manière toujours plus performante, tout en inventant le réseau de demain, qui sera plus « smart », plus numérique et plus interactif, au service des clients, des acteurs du marché de l’électricité et des territoires. Pour cela, les gestionnaires de réseau de distribution saisiront par exemple les opportunités des nouveaux services que peuvent proposer les acteurs du système.

A Social Cost Benefit Analysis of Grid-Scale Electrical Energy Storage Projects: Evaluating the Smarter Network Storage Project / Arjan S. Sidhu, Michael G. Pollitt, and Karim L. Anaya. Energy Policy Research Group, May 2017, 32 p.  (EPRG working paper ; 1710) http://www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk/eprg-working-paper-1710/

This study explores and quantifies the social costs and benefits of grid-scale electrical energy storage (EES) projects in Great Britain. The case study for this report is the Smarter Network Storage project, a 6 MW/10MWh lithium battery placed at the Leighton Buzzard Primary substation to meet growing local peak demand requirements. This study analyses both the locational and system-wide benefits to grid-scale EES, determines the realistic combination of those social benefits, and juxtaposes them against the social costs across the lifecycle of the battery to determine the techno-economic performance. Risk and uncertainty from the benefit streams, cost elements, battery lifespan, and discount rate are incorporated into a Monte Carlo simulation. Using this framework, society can be guided to cost-effectively invest in EES as a grid modernization asset to facilitate the transition to a reliable, affordable, and clean power system.


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