Energie : papiers de recherche moissonnés (20/10/2017)

The Impact of Advanced Metering Infrastructure on Residential Electricity Consumption – Evidence from California / Martin Paschmann and Simon Paulus. Institute of Energy Economics at the University of Cologne, Sept. 2017, 33 p. (EWI Working Paper, No 17/08) http://www.ewi.research-scenarios.de/cms/wp-content/uploads/2017/09/EWI_WP_17-08_Impact_of_Advanced_Metering_Infrastructure.pdf

One important pillar in the debate about energy-saving measures addresses energy conservation. In this paper, we focus on the deployment of advanced metering infrastructure to reduce the impact of limited information and bounded rationality of consumers. For California, we empirically analyze the influence of a statewide and policy-driven installation of advanced metering infrastructure. We apply synthetic control methods to derive a suitable control group. We then conduct a Difference-in-Differences estimation and find a significant negative impact of smart meters on monthly residential electricity consumption that ranges from 6.1 to 6.4%. Second, such an impact only occurs in non-heating periods and does not fade out over the analyzed time period.

Orienter l’épargne des ménages vers le financement des énergies renouvelables : quelle contribution du bonus au financement participatif ? / Théo Ponchel et Cécile Bordier. Paris : I4CE, septembre 2017, 12 p. (Point Climat n°48) https://www.i4ce.org/download/orienter-lepargne-menages-vers-financement-energies-renouvelables-contribution-bonus-financement-participatif/

I4CE analyse la contribution du bonus au financement participatif pour les projets d’énergie renouvelable mis en place par le ministère de la Transition énergétique et solidaire. Selon nos hypothèses, entre 250 et 400 M€ de financement participatif devront être mobilisés pour financer les investissements relatifs aux projets lauréats des appels d’offres pour les projets d’énergie renouvelable…

Electricity Storage and Renewables: Costs and Markets to 2030. Abu Dhabi : Irena, October 2017, 132 p. http://www.irena.org/menu/index.aspx?mnu=Subcat&PriMenuID=36&CatID=141&SubcatID=3879

This report provides an in-depth analysis of the opportunities and challenges for battery electricity storage systems within the context of the global renewable energy transformation, and provides cost and market projections to aid policymakers and industry as they expand the use of electricity storage systems.
IRENA’s analysis finds that by 2030, total installed costs for battery electricity storage systems could fall between 50% and 60%. This, coupled with expected improvements in battery lifetimes and performance represents an enormous potential for a key technology in the world’s transition to sustainable energy. Batteries not only support a wide range of products and services needed for the transition but also potentially support high levels of variable renewable electricity, thus ensuring a more constant and predictable power supply.

Actualisation du scénario énergie-climat ADEME 2035-2050. Paris : Ademe, octobre 2017, 44 p. http://www.ademe.fr/actualisation-scenario-energie-climat-ademe-2035-2050

La « Contribution à l’élaboration de Visions énergétiques 2030-2050 » de l’ADEME, publiée en 2013, a participé à poser les bases des objectifs de la loi de transition énergétique pour une croissance verte (LTECV).
Il s’agit d’une approche énergie-climat considérant l’intégralité des besoins énergétiques de la France (chaleur, électricité, carburant, combustible) pour couvrir tous ses besoins en évaluant les émissions de gaz à effet de serre, y compris les émissions non énergétiques.
Quatre ans plus tard, l’actualisation de cette contribution vise, entre autres, à mettre en cohérence de nombreuses informations disponibles sur les potentiels d’évolution du système énergétique français.
Cette étude ne constitue en aucune sorte une trajectoire normative pour l’atteinte des objectifs climat, mais représente un scénario multi-énergie possible dont le caractère réaliste est conforté par les nombreuses études techniques plus sectorielles réalisées ces 4 dernières années. Dans cette période décisive pour la transition énergétique, ce travail contribue ainsi, malgré les incertitudes inhérentes à ce type d’exercice, à la réflexion sur la stratégie volontariste de la France pour maîtriser sa consommation énergétique, baisser ses émissions de CO2 et développer des énergies renouvelables.

WEO-2017 Special Report: Energy Access Outlook. Paris : International Energy Agency, October 2017, 144 p. https://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/weo-2017-special-report-energy-access-outlook.html

Energy is essential for humanity to develop and thrive. In 2015, the new Sustainable Development Goals, adopted by 193 countries, included for the first time a target to ensure affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all, underscoring a new level of political agreement on the importance of access to modern energy services. At the same time, the declining cost of decentralised renewables, increased access to affordable energyefficient appliances and the use of mobile platforms are changing the way we think about providing energy access. It is against this backdrop that the IEA produced this Special Report, part of its flagship World Energy Outlook (WEO) series.

Energy Efficiency 2017 / International Energy Agency. Paris : OECD, October 2017, 142 p. ISBN:9789264284234 (PDF) http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/9789264284234-en

Energy efficiency is central to all global energy transitions. It is the world’s most available, secure and affordable energy resource and every government around the world has the power to further exploit efficiency for widespread benefit. Energy Efficiency 2017 is the global tracker examining the trends, indicators, impacts and drivers of energy efficiency progres…

Improving the Market for Flexibility in the Electricity Sector / Arndt Hassel,  Christian Egenhofer, Jaap Jansen and Zheng Xu. CEPS, October 2017, 42 p. https://www.ceps.eu/publications/improving-market-flexibility-electricity-sector

Electricity will play a greater role in the transport and building sectors and all decarbonisation scenarios point to the increasing electrification of the energy system. To reach EU climate change targets, however, electricity will need to come increasingly from low carbon sources, especially (but not only) from variable renewable energy sources. Both trends − the electrification of sectors and the need to integrate electricity from variable renewables − mean that the electricity sector should become more flexible. This report reflects the discussions held in the CEPS Energy Climate House Task Force on Creating a Market Design for Flexibility in EU Electricity Markets, which met between April and September 2017. The Task Force formulated a number of recommendations in the areas of short-term and balancing markets; grid reinforcement and cross-zonal capacity allocation; aggregation; priority dispatch; DSOs (distribution system operators); and sectoral integration.


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