Breakthrough renewables and the green paradox

Breakthrough renewables and the green paradox / Frederick van der Ploeg. Oxford : Oxcarre, July 2012, 22 p. (OxCarre Research Paper 91)

http://www.oxcarre.ox.ac.uk/images/stories/papers/ResearchPapers/oxcarrerp201291.pdf

We show how a monopolistic owner of oil reserves responds to a carbon-free substitute becoming available at some uncertain point in the future if demand is isoelaastic and variable extraction costs are zero but upfron exploration investment costs have to be made. Not the arrival of this substitute matters for efficiency, but the uncertainty about the timing of this substitute coming on stream. Before the carbon-free substitute comes on stream, oil rserves are depleted too rapidly; as soon as the substitute has arrived, the oil depletion rate drops and the oil price jumps up by a discrete amount. Subsidizing green R&D to speed up the introduction of breakthrough renewables leads to more rapid oil extraction before the breakthrough, but more oil is left in situ as exploration investment will be lower. The latter offsets the Green Paradox. (© van der Ploeg)

 



Citer ce billet
Danièle Revel (2012, 11 octobre). Breakthrough renewables and the green paradox. Veille énergie climat. Consulté le 18 avril 2024, à l’adresse https://doi.org/10.58079/o9w1

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