The effect of LNG on the relationship between UK and Continental European natural gas markets

The effect of LNG on the relationship between UK and Continental European natural gas markets / Philipp Koenig. Electricity Policy Research Group, 2012, 56 p. (EPRG Working Paper 1225)

http://www.eprg.group.cam.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/1225-PDF.pdf

The long-term relationship between the prices of natural gas in the United Kingdom and oil-indexed natural gas in the North West European market is the result of seasonal arbitrage. This paper empirically investigates this long-term relationship and offers two main contributions: (i) To the best knowledge of the author, this is the first study to take into account important UK spot gas market drivers such as seasonality, temperature and gas storage injection/withdrawal behaviour when examining the structural relationship between UK and Continental European markets. (ii) The effect of UK import capacity extensions since 2005, through both pipeline and LNG regasifcation capacity, on this longterm relationship will be analyzed. The results suggest that there is a signifcant structural break in 2006 when the two markets decouple and move from an old to a new, much weaker, long-term relationship. From the end of 2008 onwards, the time at which UK LNG imports started to increase, this long-term relationship appears to break down altogether. (© EPRG)


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