An economic analysis of the production of hydrogen from wind-generated electricity for use in transport applications
Menanteau, P., Quéméré, M. M., Le Duigou, A., Le Bastard, S. An economic analysis of the production of hydrogen from wind-generated electricity for use in transport applications. Energy Policy, vol. 39, n° 5, 2011, pp. 2957-2965.
Wind-generated electricity is often considered a particularly promising option for producing hydrogen from renewable energy sources. However, the economic performances of such systems generally remain unclear because of unspecified or favorable assumptions and operating conditions. The aim of this paper is to clarify these conditions by examining how the hydrogen produced is used. The analysis that has been conducted in the framework of the HyFrance 3 project concerns hydrogen for transport applications. Different technical systems are considered such as motorway hydrogen filling stations, Hythane®-fueled buses or second-generation biofuels production, which present contrasted hydrogen use characteristics. This analysis reveals considerable variations in hydrogen production costs depending on the demand profiles concerned, with the most favorable configurations being those in which storage systems are kept to a minimum.