Energy market liberalisation and renewable energy policies in OECD Countries
Energy market liberalisation and renewable energy policies in OECD Countries / Francesco Vona, OFCE Sciences-Po and Skema Business School & Francesco Nicolli, CERIS/CNR and University of Ferrara. OFCE, July 2013, 34 p. (Document de travail ; 2013.10)
Authors’s abstract :
We analyse the impact of market liberalisation on renewable energy policies in OECD countries. To this end, we first develop an aggregated indicator of renewable energy policies using principal components analysis and then examine its determinants through panel data techniques. Our results are consistent with the predictions of political-economy models of environmental policies, as brown lobbying, proxied by entry barriers in the energy sector, and citizens’ preferences have the expected effects on policy. Brown lobbying has a negative effect on the policy indicator, even when accounting for endogeneity in its effects in a dynamic panel specification and using different policy indicators. Reducing income inequality, the ratification of the Kyoto protocol and stronger green parties all positively affect the approval of more
ambitious policies but with less robust results.