National contributions to observed global warming

National contributions to observed global warming /  Damon Matthew, Concordia University, et al., Environmental Research Letters, 9, January 2014, 014010 (9pp)

http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/1/014010/pdf/1748-9326_9_1_014010.pdf

Authors’s abstract :

There is considerable interest in identifying national contributions to global warming as a way of allocating historical responsibility for observed climate change. This task is made difficult by uncertainty associated with national estimates of historical emissions, as well as by difficulty in estimating the climate response to emissions of gases with widely varying atmospheric lifetimes. Here, we present a new estimate of national contributions to observed climate warming, including CO2 emissions from fossil fuels and land-use change, as well as methane, nitrous oxide and sulfate aerosol emissions While some countries’ warming contributions are reasonably well defined by fossil fuel CO2 emissions, many countries have dominant contributions from land-use CO2 and non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions, emphasizing the importance of both deforestation and agriculture as components of a country’s contribution to climate warming. Furthermore, because of their short atmospheric lifetime, recent sulfate aerosol emissions have a large impact on a country’s current climate contribution We show also that there are vast disparities in both total and per-capita climate
contributions among countries, and that across most developed countries, per-capita contributions are not currently consistent with attempts to restrict global temperature change to less than 2 C above pre-industrial temperatures.

–> A ce propos :

Les changements climatiques : à la poursuite des coupables, Enerzine, 30/01/2014 http://www.enerzine.com/604/16846+les-changements-climatiques—a-la-poursuite-des-coupables+.html

Voici les sept grands coupables du réchauffement planétaire : les États-Unis, la Chine, la Russie, le Brésil, l’Inde, l’Allemagne et le Royaume-Uni…



Citer ce billet
Danièle Revel (2014, 31 janvier). National contributions to observed global warming. Veille énergie climat. Consulté le 15 avril 2024, à l’adresse https://doi.org/10.58079/oaua

Vous aimerez aussi...

Rechercher dans OpenEdition Search

Vous allez être redirigé vers OpenEdition Search