Former Soviet Union Countries and European Union: Overcoming the Energy Efficiency Gap
Former Soviet Union countries and European Union: Overcoming the energy efficiency gap / Olga Podkorytova & Yulia Raskina. European University Institute/Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, 2014, 20 p.
This paper evaluates convergence of energy intensity for the former USSR countries during 1995-2010. We divide these countries into three clubs and show convergence in income and in energy intensity for each club. We also demonstrate that rate of convergence is higher in countries with a low level of development.