Japan’s Energy Policy in a Post-3/11 World
Japan’s energy policy in a Post-3/11 World: Juggling safety, sustainability and economics / Hikaru Hiranuma, Asie. Visions, n° 72. Paris : IFRI, septembre 2014, 31 p.
Summary (© IFRI) :
The March 2011 accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station turned Japan’s energy policy on its head, shedding a harsh new light on Japan’s energy policy and power supply system, and throwing into relief six major problem areas that had largely escaped scrutiny before the disaster.
- Fragmentation of the power grid under the regional monopolies of Japan’s 10 “general electric utilities” and the resulting failure to develop the kind of wide-area transmission system needed to transfer electricity from regions with a surplus to those suffering shortages.
- The low electric supply capacity of entities other than the 10 regional utilities, making procurement of electric power from other sources difficult.
- The lack of effective mechanisms for curtailing demand at times when a reliable electric supply is jeopardized.
- The inability of customers to choose a power source or supplier.
- The failure to manage the energy risks associated with a shutdown of Japan’s nuclear power plants.
- The urgent need to confront the risk of severe accidents and other hazards associated with nuclear power facilities.