Governance and equity in EU climate policy
Governance and equity in EU climate policy : Analysis of mitigation assessments under the EU Emissions Trading System (2005-2012) and intra-EU equity or solidarity under the EU 2020 climate policy framework / Tomas Wyns. Brussels : Institute for European Studies, MAPS program, 2014, 75 p. (IES Ppaper 02/2014)
Purpose of the paper (© Tomas Wyns) :
This paper consists of two parts. In the first part we look at the evolution and improvement of the assessment of National Allocation Plans, developed by EU Member States under the EU Emissions Trading system in the period 2005-2012. Next to analysing how this assessment (by the European Commission) evolved between the first trading period (2005-2007) and the second trading period (2008-2012), we also link this process with possible options for the development and assessment of contributions by UNFCCC parties as part of a 2015 international climate agreement.
In the second part of this paper we will focus on the development of EU 2020 climate targets and in particular how the 2020 policy framework includes provisions, which can be regarded as a form of “equity” or “solidarity” between richer and poor EU Member States. We start by briefly explaining the over-all effort sharing of non-EU ETS 2020 targets between all EU Member States and how this methodology implicitly introduced concepts linked to equity or solidarity between EU Member States. The main focus will be on the legislative changes to the post 2012 EU ETS that facilitated the acceptance and implementation of EU post 2012 climate policy by the new EU Member States. This includes specific provisions to facilitate the transition towards a low-carbon economy for Central and Eastern European Economies and the financial redistribution of EU ETS auctioning revenues…