The Lima Call to Climate Action and the role of national pledges
The Lima Call to Climate Action and the role of national pledges / Joseph Curtin, Senior Research Fellow, Institute of International and European Affairs blog, 15/12/2014
The key to interpreting the Lima Call to Action is understanding national mitigation pledges (called INDCs), and their central role in ongoing negotiations. The Lima outcome brought quite a bit of clarity to these pledges, but also highlighted key differences between major countries and challenges to be overcome.
Further to the Lima outcome, national pledges are:
- Required of all parties, though they must reflect national circumstances, and are unlikely to be legally binding
- Must be transparent and comparable, and guidelines were set out to this end
- Not required to include adaptation or climate finance
- Not subject to UN or peer review before the conference in Paris in December 2015, although the UN will make a report on the aggregate impact of pledges in November 2015.