Impacts of Carbon Prices on Indicators of Competitiveness : Review of Empirical Findings / J. Airlinghaus. Paris : OECD, March 2015, 37 p. (OECD Environment Working Papers, No. 87)
Concerns around potential losses of competitiveness as a result of unilateral action on carbon pricing are often central for policy makers contemplating the introduction of such instruments. This paper is a review of literature on ex post empirical evaluations of the impacts of carbon prices on indicators of competitiveness as employed in the literature, including employment, output or exports, at different levels of aggregation.