Climat : papiers de recherche moissonnés (11 septembre 2015)
Sustainable development in the European Union — 2015 monitoring report of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy. Eurostat, 2015, 356 p. http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-statistical-books/-/KS-GT-15-001
The EU Sustainable Development Strategy (EU SDS), launched by the European Council in 2001 and renewed in June 2006, aims for the continuous improvement of quality of life for current and future generations. The Eurostat monitoring report, published every two years, provides an objective, statistical picture of progress, based on the EU set of sustainable development indicators. Quantitative rules applied consistently across indicators, and visualised through weather symbols, provide an assessment of whether Europe is moving towards the objectives and targets defined in the strategy. The statistics presented in the report, covering the period from 1990 to 2014 (or the latest year available), illustrate the range of issues relevant for sustainable development, and should contribute to raising awareness of the opportunities and challenges lying ahead.
Climate constraints on the carbon intensity of economic growth / Julie Rozenberg, Steven J Davis, Ulf Narloch and Stephane Hallegatte. Environmental Research Letters, 10, published online Sept. 2015 http://dx.doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/10/9/095006
Development and climate goals together constrain the carbon intensity of production.Using a simple and transparent model that represents committedCO2 emissions (future emissions expected to come from existing capital),we explore the carbon intensity of production related to new capital required for different temperature targets across several thousand scenarios. Future pathways consistent with the 2 °C target which allow for continued gross domestic product growth require early action to reduce carbon intensity of new production, and either (i) a short lifetime of energy and industry capital (e.g. early retrofit of coal power plants), or (ii) large negative emissions after 2050 (i.e. rapid development and dissemination of carbon capture and sequestration)…