Energie : papiers de recherche moissonnés (25/03/2016)

Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2016 / Angus McCrone (Lead Author, Chief Editor), Ulf Moslener (Lead Editor), Francoise d’Estais, Eric Usher and Christine Grüning. Frankfurt School UNEP Collaborating Centre for Climate & Sustainable Energy Finance, March 2016, 84 p. http://fs-unep-centre.org/publications/global-trends-renewable-energy-investment-2016

According to  UNEP’s 10th “Global Trends in Renewable Energy Investment 2016”, prepared by the Frankfurt School-UNEP Collaborating Centre for Climate & Sustainable Energy Finance and Bloomberg New Energy Finance, the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and Bloomberg New Energy Finance all investments in renewables totalled $286 billion in 2015, some 3% higher than the previous record in 2011. Coal and gas-fired electricity generation drew less than half the record investment made in solar, wind and other renewables capacity.

La géopolitique des énergies renouvelables : amélioration de la sécurité énergétique et/ou nouvelles dépendances ? / Emmanuel Hache, Revue internationale et stratégique, n° 101, 2016 https://www.cairn.info/resume.php?ID_ARTICLE=RIS_101_0036

L’objet de cet article est d’analyser les conséquences géopolitiques d’une diffusion des énergies renouvelables (ENR) au niveau international. Les défis engendrés par les politiques de transition énergétique pourraient paradoxalement se révéler au moins aussi complexes que la géopolitique énergétique actuelle. Aux acteurs traditionnels risquent en effet de s’ajouter de nouvelles relations plus locales, plus décentralisées, dans lesquelles se cumuleront dimensions techniques, économiques, sociologiques et comportementales, spatiales et juridiques. D’un point de vue macroéconomique, s’il serait tentant de conclure que la transition vers des ENR marquera progressivement la fin de la géopolitique liée aux fossiles, il faut au contraire s’interroger sur les transformations des relations entre États, avec notamment de nombreuses questions concernant les économies des pays producteurs. Enfin, une diffusion massive des ENR dans le mix énergétique mondial pourrait conduire à de nouvelles dépendances.

Two historical changes in the narrative of energy forecasts / Minh Ha-Duong, Franck Nadaud, Martin Jegard. CIRED ; CleanED, Feb. 2016, 7 p. http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-01275593

A collection of 417 energy scenarios was assembled and harmonized to compare what they said about nuclear, fossil and renewable energy thirty years from their publication. Based on data analysis, we divide the recent history of the energy forecasting in three periods. The first is defined by a decline in nuclear optimism, approximately until 1990. The second by a stability of forecasts, approximately until 2005. The third by a rise in the forecasted share of renewable energy sources. We also find that forecasts tend to cohere, that is they have a low dispersion within periods compared to the change across periods.

Does economic growth matter? Technology-push, demand-pull and endogenous drivers of innovation in the renewable energy industry / Aflaki Sam, Basher Syed Abul and Masini Andrea, 29/02/2016, 43 p. http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:pra:mprapa:69773

This paper aims to contribute to the longstanding technology-push vs. demand-pull debate and to the literature on renewable energy policy assessment. We argue that in addition to the traditional push–pull dichotomy, the drivers of technological change must be differentiated by whether they are exogenous or endogenous to the economic system and must be assessed with respect to their contribution to both the creation and the diffusion of innovation. We apply this perspective to study innovation in the renewable energy (RE) industry in 15 European Union countries from 1990 to 2012. Using different panel data estimators, we find that public R&D investments, policies supporting RE and per capita income all have a positive effect on either innovation creation or diffusion, whereas the variability of policy support has a negative impact on diffusion. However, impacts are heterogeneous and differ depending on the innovation dimension considered. Most importantly, we find that economic growth is a stronger driver of RE diffusion than technology-push or exogenous demand-pull mechanisms, whereas it is relatively ineffective at stimulating innovation creation. The effect of economic growth on RE diffusion exhibits a nonlinear, U-shaped pattern that resonates with the Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis. RE penetration remains negligible at low levels of growth whereas it increases sharply only after income per capita has reached a given threshold. This effect has both a direct cause (with increased affluence demand for environmental quality rises) and an indirect cause (with increased affluence expensive RE policies become more affordable and get implemented more extensively). Our findings have implications for policy making. They suggest that for RE diffusion to increase, innovation policies should be carefully balanced. Government action should be directed not only at shielding renewables from competition with fossil fuel technologies, but also at stimulating aggregated demand and economic growth.

Organisation des filières biomasse pour l’énergie : Synthèse des livrables et conclusions / Ancre. GP1A, 2016, 16 p. https://inra-dam-front-resources-cdn.brainsonic.com/ressources/afile/334932-f7d2d-resource-synthese-de-l-organisation-des-filieres-biomasse-pour-loenergie.html

L’étude porte sur le potentiel de développement des filières biomasse pour l’énergie en France et notamment les aspects organisationnels. Elle couvre plus précisément les domaines suivants :
– Bois-énergie : chaudières (hors chauffage individuel) et cogénération,
– Biocarburants de 2ème génération (voies thermochimique et biochimique), avec la 1ère génération à titre de comparaison,
– Méthanisation agri-sourcée, à l’exclusion de la méthanisation des déchets domestiques, qui sera cependant mentionnée à titre de comparaison


OpenEdition vous propose de citer ce billet de la manière suivante :
Danièle Revel (25 mars 2016). Energie : papiers de recherche moissonnés (25/03/2016). Veille énergie climat. Consulté le 25 juillet 2024 à l’adresse https://doi.org/10.58079/oc7g


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