Energie : papiers de recherche moissonnés (25/04/2016)

Do we have aligned and reliable gas exchange prices in Europe? / Beatrice Petrovich. Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, April 2016, 23 p. (Oxford energy comment) https://www.oxfordenergy.org/publications/aligned-reliable-gas-exchange-prices-europe/

This comment piece follows on from previous publications by Beatrice Petrovich and assesses whether the main European energy exchanges provide a reliable price reference for traded gas. Exchanges are viewed as performing a vital role in the development of a traded commodity market and provide the important functions of: price discovery, price transparency, supply/pricing flexibility, physical balancing and financial risk management. Based on this, if gas exchange trading activity exists and offers reliable price signals, we can conclude that these vital functions are provided at a satisfactory level and therefore foster the development of a mature traded commodity market. In particular, this applies to some of the nascent hubs at the European trading periphery, where well-functioning exchange trading could be instrumental in helping to develop hub liquidity by offering new products on “easy-to-trade” electronic platforms and, perhaps more importantly, price transparency.

Long-term energy prospective modeling for South America – Application to international climate negotiations : thèse / Sébastien Postic. Environmental Engineering. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2015 https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01303955

Résumé : Together, Central and South America and the Caribbean represent more than 450 million people and 12% of the Earth’s total emerged land. The region stands out in the global energy landscape for the outstanding contribution of renewable sources to its energy production. Maintaining this level of renewable energy in the future might prove a challenging task, as ‘historical’ energy sources (hydropower, biomass) run into sustainability issues and ‘new’ options (wind, solar, geothermal energy) still depend on public support schemes. However, South America’s small fossil resource endowment and excellent renewable potential make it the ideal candidate for pioneering a renewable energy transition. The energy sector’s contribution in fueling economic growth in a socially and environmentally sustainable way is also an issue that is particularly significant in the developing context on the continent. Climate change is a region-scale concern. The continent’s emissions per capita are above the[…]

What can EU policy do to support renewable electricity in France ? / Oliver Sartor. Paris : IDDRI, 2016, 28 p. (Working Paper N°06/2016) http://www.iddri.org/Publications/What-can-EU-policy-do-to-support-renewable-electricity-in-France

Figurant au 2e rang des pays les plus consommateurs d’énergie en Europe, la France s’est fixé, notamment dans le cadre de la loi de transition énergétique, d’ambitieux objectifs en termes d’énergies renouvelables (EnR) à l’horizon 2030 : 32 % d’EnR dans la consommation finale d’énergie ; 40 % de l’électricité provenant des EnR. Tandis que la Directive européenne pour la promotion des énergies renouvelables est en cours de révision, comment ce cadre politique peut-il contribuer à créer un environnement favaorable à la réalisation de ces objectifs ? Cet article propose 7 recommandations centrées sur le fonctionnement et l’évolution possible du secteur de l’électricité français au sein de la gouvernance européenne de l’énergie.

Les incertitudes de la transition énergétique : dossier, Futuribles International, tribune, avril 2016 https://www.futuribles.com/fr/tribune-transition-energetique/?preview&edit-off

Quatre mois après la fin de la COP21, quelles sont les avancées et les perspectives de la transition énergétique en France et en Europe ? Pour en débattre, Futuribles a sollicité six personnalités, dont les contributions sont réunies ici.
Jacques Theys et Eric Vidalenc signent l’introduction de cette tribune. Ils s’attachent à rappeller les principaux évènements dans le domaine de la transition énergétique depuis la COP21. Puis, Corinne Lepage, Nadia Maizi, Alain Grandjean, Philippe Bihouix, Michel Colombier et Marc Roquette nous livrent leur point de vue, afin de tenter de clarifier la nature des enjeux sous-jacents à la transition énergétique en cours.

Global trends in the political economy of smart grids : A tailored perspective on ‘smart’ for grids in transition / Cherrelle Eid, Rudi Hakvoort and Martin de Jong. UNU- WIDER, April 2016, 21 p. (Working Paper 2016/22) https://www.wider.unu.edu/sites/default/files/wp2016-22.pdf

The global transition towards sustainable, secure, and affordable electricity supply is driving changes in the consumption, production, and transportation of electricity. This paper shows the different policy aims that are promoted with smart grids in Europe, the United States, and China. In all cases, the developments are motivated by the possible improvements in reliability and affordability yielded by smart grids, while sustainability of the electricity sector is not a central motivation.

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