Energie : papier de recherche moissonnés (13 juillet 2016)
The Future Prospects of Energy Technologies: Insights from Expert Elicitations / Elena Verdolini, Laura Diaz Anadón, Erin Baker, Valentina Bosetti, Lara Aleluia Reis. FEEM – Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei, 2016, 52 p. (nota di lavoro 2016;047) http://www.feem.it/userfiles/attach/2016751147214NDL2016-047.pdf
Expert elicitation is a process for eliciting subjective probability distributions from experts about items of interest to decision makers. These methods have been increasingly applied in the energy domain to collect information on the future cost and performance of specific energy technologies and the associated uncertainty. This article reviews the existing expert elicitations on energy technologies with three main objectives: (1) to provide insights on expert elicitation methods and how they compare/complement other approaches to inform public energy decision making; (2) to review all recent elicitation exercises about future technology costs; and (3) to discuss the main results from these expert elicitations, in terms of implied rates of cost reduction and the role of R&D investments in shaping these reductions, and compare it with insights from backward looking approaches. We argue that the emergence of data on future energy costs through expert elicitations provides the opportunity for more transparent and robust analyses incorporating technical uncertainty to assess energy and climate change mitigation policies.
Why the future of European renewables policy may be decided in Washington and not in Brussels / Christian Egenhofer, Monica Alessi, Jorge Núñez Ferrer and Arndt Hassel. Brussels : CEPS, 13 July 2016, 4 p. (CEPS Commentary) https://www.ceps.eu/publications/why-future-european-renewables-policy-may-be-decided-washington-and-not-brussels
In the last few years, several EU member states have reduced support to renewable energy, leading to numerous claims that these policy changes retroactively affected existing investments and that the practice of ‘grandfathering’ should have been observed. Among these, the case of Spain stands out, both due to the material size of the cuts and the large volume of investments affected, although the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Poland, Romania and Italy have also introduced reforms with deleterious consequences to their renewable energy sectors…
L’autoconsommation et la livraison directe : schémas de valorisation photovoltaïque en Allemagne et en France / Marie Boyette et Antoine Chapon. Office franco-allemand pour les énergies renouvelables, mai 2016, 11 p. http://enr-ee.com/fr/energie-solaire/actualites/lecteur/les-modeles-de-valorisation-du-pv-lautoconsommation-et-la-livraison-directe.html
Ce mémo offre un aperçu des schémas de valorisation de l’électricité photovoltaïque dans le secteur résidentiel. En Allemagne, l’autoconsommation et la livraison directe de l’électricité produite à des tiers se sont développées depuis plusieurs années avec l’atteinte de la parité réseau. En France, où un groupe de travail sur l’autoproduction de l’électricité renouvelable a été lancé en 2013, ces pratiques sont encore naissantes mais se développent.
A Study on Oil Dependency in the EU. Cambridge Econometrics, July 2016, 42 p. https://www.transportenvironment.org/publications/europe-increasingly-dependent-risky-oil-imports
Two-thirds of final demand for oil is for transport. Reducing energy insecurity requires transport oil consumption to be reduced and a robust and ambitious framework to decarbonise transport will make a significant contribution to this. The upcoming European Strategy for Low Emissions Mobility can make a significant contribution towards this. Effective policies for this Strategy include CO2 standards for cars, vans and trucks in 2025; an integrated strategy to accelerate the electrification of transport that embraces mobility needs; the potential of emobility balancing smart, renewable grids; and an industrial policy that supports the shift to electric vehicles; and for the EU to go beyond global action in tackling CO2 emissions and oil use of aviation and shipping.
Renewable Energy Statistics 2016 = Statistiques d’énergie renouvelable 2016 = Estadisticas de energia renovable 2016 / Adrian Whiteman, Javier Esparrago, Tobias Rinke and Iana Arkhipova. Abu Dhabi : Irena, July 2016, 300 p. http://www.irena.org/DocumentDownloads/Publications/IRENA_RE_Statistics_2016.pdf
The 2016 Renewable Energy Statistics Yearbook shows data sets on renewable power-generation capacity for 2006-2015, renewable power generation for 2006-2014 and renewable energy balances for 100 countries and areas for 2013 and 2014. Further, it features statistics on investments in renewable energies from 18 major multi-lateral, bilateral and national development financial institutions presented for the period 2009-2014.
The renewable power capacity data shown in these tables represents the maximum net generating capacity of power plants and other installations that use renewable energy sources to produce electricity. For most countries and technologies, the data reflects the capacity installed and connected at the end of the calendar year. Pumped storage is included in total capacity but excluded from total generation. The capacity data are presented in megawatts (MW) and the generation data are presented in gigawatt-hours (GWh). The investment data is presented in million United States Dollars (USD million) at current prices. Data has been obtained from a variety of sources, including an IRENA questionnaire, official national statistics, industry association reports, consultant reports and news articles.