Revue des blogs : 1er au 23 août 2016

King Coal is Dethroned in the US – and That’s Good News for the Environment / Lucas Davis, Energy Institute at Haas blog, 22/08/2016

This is the worst year in decades for U.S. coal. During the first six months of 2016, U.S. coal production was down a staggering 28 percent compared to 2015, and down 33 percent compared to 2014. For the first time ever, natural gas overtook coal as the top source of U.S. electricity generation last year and remains that way. Over the past five years, Appalachian coal production has been cut in half and many coal-burning power plants have been retired… lire

Les approvisionnements de pétrole et de gaz à l’heure de la crise turque / Joseph Dutton, Research Fellow, Energy Policy Group, University of Exeter, The conversation, 18/08/2016

Les conséquences et les enjeux du coup d’État militaire raté qui visait, dans la nuit du 16 au 17 juillet dernier, à renverser le président Recep Tayyip Erdogan dépassent largement les frontières de la Turquie. La position centrale qu’occupe ce pays dans le domaine du transport du pétrole et du gaz donne en effet à cet événement une dimension géopolitique… lire

Rethinking the oil market in the aftermath of the 2014–16 price slump / Rabah Arezk, Research Department, IMF, Vox, 18/08/2016

The dramatic and largely unexpected collapse in oil prices has sparked intense debate over the causes and consequences. This column argues that a broader energy perspective is now needed to comprehend oil’s long-term outlook, and provides answers to several questions about the oil market in the global economy… lire

The two oil production revolutions and what they mean for the price of oil, politics, the economy, and the environment / Roberto F. Aguilera, Marian Radetzki, Vox, 17/08/2016

After decades of oil price rises, new extraction techniques for shale and conventional deposits mean that recent dramatic price falls will be here to stay. This column argues that, even with oil at $50 a barrel, global producers will invest to catch up with US-led technological innovation and so add 40 million barrels a day to production by 2035. This will revolutionise domestic energy policymaking, environmental commitments and global geopolitics… lire

Why GDP ? / Philipp Lepenies, visiting professor in political science at the Free University of Berlin, Project Syndicate, 16/08/2016

Gross domestic product is the most powerful metric in history. The US Commerce Department calls it “one of the great inventions of the twentieth century.” But its utility and persistence reflect political realities, not economic considerations…lire

Air Pollution’s True Costs / Simon Upton, Environment Director at the OECD, Project Syndicate, 15/08/2016

Air pollution takes years off people’s lives. It causes substantial pain and suffering, among adults and children alike. And it damages food production, at a time when we need to feed more people than ever. This is not just an economic issue; it is a moral one… lire

La fausse promesse économique de la gouvernance mondiale / Dani Rodrik, Project Syndicate, 11/08/2016

La gouvernance mondiale constitue le leitmotiv des élites de notre époque. La montée en puissance des flux internationaux de marchandises, services, capitaux et autres informations produites par l’innovation technologique et par la libéralisation des marchés auraient rendu les pays du monde trop interconnectés, considèrent-ils, ce qui ne leur permettrait plus aujourd’hui de résoudre seuls leurs difficultés économiques. C’est ainsi qu’est mise en avant la nécessité de règles, d’ententes et d’institutions globales… lire

What Will It Take to Turn Natural Gas Around in India? / Sarang Shidore and Joshua Busby, Energy, Security, and Climate, 2/08/2016

India is among the fastest-growing large energy consumers in the world. According to the IEA, India’s share of primary energy demand accounted for about 5.7% of the global total in 2013, and with its energy demand set to increase by 30%, India’s share of the global total could be nearly 7% by 2020.  Reining in greenhouse gas emissions from its fast-growing economy will be crucial to combat global climate change… lire

Market Mechanisms in the Paris Climate Agreement: International Linkage under Article 6.2 / Robert Stavins, An economic view of the environment, 1/08/2016

The Harvard Project on Climate Agreements hosted a research workshop in Cambridge, Massachusetts, on July 14–15, 2016, the purpose of which was to identify options for elaborating and implementing the Paris Climate Agreement, and to identify policies and institutions that might complement or supplement the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) process… lire

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