Climat : papiers de recherche moissonnés (29/09/2016)
Setting the Framework for an Ambitious and Realistic Climate Policy post-COP21: Some thoughts / Milan Elkerbout. Brussels : CEPS,28 September 2016 https://www.ceps.eu/system/files/ME%20EPP%20Climate%20Framework.pdf
Following the successful conclusion to COP21 with the adoption of the Paris Agreement in December 2015, the EU is faced with the question of what level of ambition it should aim for in setting its future climate policies. Do the European Council Conclusions of October 2014 preclude any adjustment in the level of ambition or is the EU able to adapt its goals to international developments?…
Prix interne du carbone, une pratique montante en entreprise. EPE ; I4CE, septembre 2016, 44 p. http://www.epe-asso.org/prix-interne-du-carbone-septembre-2016/
L’Accord de Paris a reconnu l’utilité des prix du carbone et autres signaux économiques pour favoriser la transition mondiale vers une économie bas-carbone. Nombre d’Etats ont mis en place ou préparent des mécanismes en ce sens. Partageant la conviction de la force de cette tendance mondiale à donner un prix aux émissions, nombre de membres d’EpE sont engagés dans ce sens et mettent en place un prix interne du carbone, de façon volontaire. La publication commune d’EpE et I4CE, « Prix interne du carbone, une pratique montante en entreprise », rassemble ces premières expériences et l’expertise d’I4CE : comment le faire, quels avantages en tirent les entreprises ?
Making the Paris Agreement Work / John C. Dernbach & Donald A. Brown, The Environmental Forum, September/October 2016 (Widener Law Commonwealth Research Paper No. 15-42) http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=2812264##
In the December 2015 Paris Agreement of the parties to the U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change, nations unanimously agreed to a goal of net zero greenhouse gas emissions by the second half of this century, and a plan for achieving that goal. The challenge now is implementation. This article briefly outlines the key features of the Paris Agreement as well as the daunting challenge of meeting its goals. It suggests six essential elements of an approach to encourage or incentivize parties to greater ambition. These are 1) achieving the targets set in nations’ intended nationally determined contributions; 2) setting and achieving more ambitious short-term and long-term goals; 3) creating technical, policy, and legal pathways to decarbonization; 4) creating a race to the top in reducing greenhouse gas emissions; 5) widespread public participation and support; and 6) a global social movement. It also describes ways in which all parts of civil society, including lawyers and policy makers, can help make the Agreement work.
Potential of adaptation-mitigation integration from a policy perspective : the case of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and South Africa. MAPS, october 2015, 25 p. (Issue 55) http://www.mapsprogramme.org/wp-content/uploads/Paper_Potential-of-adaptation-mitigation-integration.pdf
This paper explores the adaptation-mitigation nexus through examining a set of policies, strategies, and programs underway in six developing countries. Based on a set of definitions, it presents a systematic comparative analysis of the approaches adopted in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru and South Africa and the state of mitigation and adaptation at the policy level in each of these countries.
The transparency provisions in the Paris agreement / Christopher Campbell-Duruflé (Canada), Karine Péloffy (Canada), Fabiano de Andrade Correa (Brazil), M. Hafijul Islam Khan (Bangladesh) & Erick J. Kassongo (DRC). United Nations Development Programme, University of Cambridge, University of Nairobi, Centre for International Sustainable Development Law (CISDL), 2016, 39 p. (Climate Law and Governance Legal working paper ; 1/2016) http://www.climatelawgovernance.org/international-law-on-climate-change.html
This Legal Working Paper focuses on a key aspect of the outcomes of the Paris Conference of the Parties to the Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC): transparency. Part 1 outlines the features of the transparency-related provisions of the new Paris Agreement – Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs), the Transparency Frameworks, the Global Stocktake, and the Implementation and Compliance Committee – and analyses how they interact with one another. Part 2 situates this nexus of provisions within international law on sustainable development, identifying overlap and convergence with the New Delhi Declaration on Principles of International Law relating to Sustainable Development. Part 3 presents four national case studies to highlight key legal and governance issues for implementation of the transparency provisions in domestic contexts: Bangladesh, Canada, Brazil, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The authors show the commonality of challenges faced by these countries in order for strong engagement with the transparency provisions and offer law and policy recommendations from a sustainable development perspective. As UNFCCC Parties consider ratification of the Paris Agreement and as all stakeholders prepare for COP22 in Marrakesh, this Legal Working Paper contributes to the diffusion of legal knowledge on its transparency provisions and the identification of work avenues for innovative approaches to compliance under international law.