Energie : papiers de recherche moissonnés (16 mars 2017)

The Energy Trilemma and the Smart Grid: Implications Beyond the United States / Jeannie Oliver and Benjamin Sovacool, Asia & Pacific Policy Studies, vol. 4, n° 1, Jan. 2017, pp. 70-84. http://d.repec.org/n?u=RePEc:een:appswp:201705

This article argues that smart grid technologies enable policy-makers and communities to successfully manage enduring energy policy concerns. It defines what ‘smart’ energy technologies, grids and policies mean, and then evaluates how the smart grid can enable policy-makers to respond to an emerging energy ‘trilemma’. Drawing on case studies from the United States, the article suggests that the automated communications enabled by smart grid technologies significantly benefit each dimension of the energy trilemma: economic, social and environmental. However, successful smart grid implementation requires smart communication beyond technology. Failure to engage with customers through targeted communication, or to adequately address customers’ privacy concerns, risks alienating customers, threatening the value of the smart grid investment. This article concludes that, with smart communication, both technical and human, the smart grid is an important step towards a sustainable energy future for stakeholders well beyond the United States.

Énergies renouvelables dans l’UE : Onze États membres ont déjà atteint leur objectif 2020. Eurostat, 14 mars 2017, 3 p. (communiqué de presse) http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/2995521/7905993/8-14032017-BP-FR.pdf/7f5ac0b9-cc2f-4324-b8c1-13d6a23bc7e4

La part des énergies renouvelables dans la consommation énergétique toujours en hausse dans l’UE à près de 17% en 2015…

Panorama du gaz renouvelable en 2016. GRDF, GRT Gaz, SPEGNN, Syndicat des énergies renouvelables, TIGF, Transport et infrastructures Gaz France, février 2017, 28 p. https://www.connaissancedesenergies.org/sites/default/files/pdf-actualites/panorama-du-gaz-renouvelable-2016.pdf

(…) L’ensemble des acteurs de la filière biométhane par méthanisation, première filière de production de gaz renouvelable à ce jour, travaille conjointement pour le développement de la production de biométhane et la décarbonation progressive du réseau de gaz naturel. Afin de rendre compte de l’essor de la filière, GRDF, GRTgaz, le SPEGNN, le SER et TIGF poursuivent leur coopération et publient le deuxième état des lieux détaillé de l’injection de biométhane à l’échelle régionale, nationale et européenne…

Indonesia’s Electricity Demand and the Coal Sector: Export or meet domestic demand? / Sylvie Cornot-Gandolphe. Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, March 2017, 33 p. (OIES paper: CL 5) https://www.oxfordenergy.org/publications/indonesias-electricity-demand-coal-sector-export-meet-domestic-demand/

Driven by rapidly increasing electricity demand, Southeast Asia coal demand has surged since 2010. The availability of coal in the region, and its lower cost than competing fuels, has made coal the preferred option to fuel rising power demand. The region added 25 GW of coal-based capacity in the past five years, accounting for 42 per cent of total additional generation capacity. Even the gas-producing countries in the region have introduced more coal in their electricity mix as gas shortages pushed them to diversify their mix. However, this shift compromises the national commitments taken by Southeast Asian governments to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. In the wake of the Paris Agreement, national governments across the region have started to reassess their power development plans, introducing more renewable energy sources, promoting energy efficiency measures, and reducing the contribution of coal in the electricity mix. This reassessment, however, does not constitute a shift away from coal. Despite the scale back, coal still dominates the targeted additional capacity, followed by natural gas, hydropower, and other renewables: there are 29 GW of coal-based capacity under construction in the region, most of them to be completed by 2020. In addition, there is a huge number of permitted and announced coal-fired power plants in the pipeline, which means that the shift towards coal may continue well after 2020. The growth in Southeast Asian coal demand is therefore mixed: until 2020, it is expected to be steep as more coal-fired power plants are commissioned, but after that date, the rate of growth is expected to slow down significantly. The wide range of outlooks for future coal demand has a significant impact on regional coal trade.

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