Energie : papiers de recherche moissonnés (20 février 2018)

The Status of Climate Policy Integration in EU Energy Policy / Claudia Kettner-Marx, Daniela Kletzan-Slamanig. Österreichisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, 2018, 30 p. (WIFO working papers n° 551) http://www.wifo.ac.at/jart/prj3/wifo/resources/person_dokument/person_dokument.jart?publikationsid=60915&mime_type=application/pdf

The integration of climate policy concerns in other policy areas, where decisions are taken that determine greenhouse gas emissions, is a prerequisite for effectively mitigating climate change. There are particularly strong interlinkages between energy policy and climate policy as the major part of greenhouse gas emissions is related to energy supply and use. In this paper we initially compile a set of seven indicators for assessing climate policy integration (political commitment, actors, functional overlap, time perspective, weighting and resources, policy instruments, and emission impact). We then apply the criteria for an appraisal of climate policy integration in EU energy policy during the last decade, i.e., we focus on CPI from a horizontal perspective. The focus of our research lies on strategic energy policy documents, on the one hand, and on the comparison of four key energy policy documents in the context of the 2016 Winter Package to existing legislation, on the other. Our results show that mitigation of climate change is a key objective in all energy policy documents analysed. Furthermore, EU legislative processes ensure a comprehensive involvement of all stakeholders. The energy policy objectives regarding renewable energy and energy efficiency are synergetic and reinforcing with climate policy. It has to be noted, however, that other energy policy documents, like the Energy Security Strategy, contain conflicting issues and the proposed recasts of existing legislation reduce preferential treatment for renewables.

Sustainable Energy in America: 2017 factbook. Bloomberg New Energy Finance ; BCSE and BNEF, 2018, 165 p. https://about.bnef.com/blog/sustainable-energy-america-2017-factbook/

The 2017 Sustainable Energy in America Factbook marks the fifth year that BCSE and BNEF have collaborated to document the transformation of the US energy system and the growing contributions of sustainable energy technologies.

The New Age of Renewable Energy / Jeffrey Bal, Cairo Review, n° 28, 2018, pp. 29-41 https://www.thecairoreview.com/essays/the-new-age-of-renewable-energy/

Renewable Energy Is Moving from Niche to Mainstream. One of the Clearest Signs Yet: The Middle East Is Embracing It…

A Review of the Evolution of the Japanese Oil Industry, Oil Policy and its Relationship with the Middle East / Loftur Thorarinsson. Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, Feb. 2018 https://www.oxfordenergy.org/publications/review-evolution-japanese-oil-industry-oil-policy-relationship-middle-east/

The Japanese oil industry and oil policy are undergoing a major transformation due to decreased oil demand and industry rationalization. As recently, as 1997 oil imports in Japan exceeded 5.7 Mb/d making the country the second largest oil consumer in the world. The oil industry itself was highly fragmented and comprised for former national oil companies, trading companies, and private oil companies. However, by 2016 imports had fallen below 4 Mb/d and considerable market consolidation had taken place with the emergence of market leaders. This development and a further expected fall in oil demand to 2.5 Mb/d by 2030, requires a re-evaluation of the country’s relationship with oil and especially on the feasibility of actively supporting domestic oil firms in acquiring overseas equity oil. Japan’s historically high oil import dependency (99.7% – 2016) and reliance on Middle Eastern suppliers (87.2% – 2016) resulted in a policy of actively seeking overseas equity oil and sometimes at a premium. The related oil development policy (resource diplomacy), has been a driving factor in Japan’s relationship with the Middle East but is also expected to change considering decreased oil demand. This study addresses these developments along with providing an up to date review of the major players in the Japanese oil industry, their strategies, involvement in the Middle East and a discussion of how oil producers are securing their market share in Japan.

Le droit de la transition énergétique, une tentative d’identification / Romain Mauger. Thèse Droit. Université Montpellier, 2017. https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-01706796

Cette thèse se consacre à l’étude du cadre juridique de la transition énergétique depuis 2012, année depuis laquelle l’expression a connu une utilisation croissante dans le domaine des politiques publiques en matière d’énergie et d’environnement. Le champ des évolutions juridiques frappées du sceau de la transition énergétique est si vaste que ces travaux se sont concentrés sur la règlementation des énergies renouvelables électriques prééminentes que sont l’éolien terrestre et le solaire photovoltaïque. Il en ressort que le droit de la transition énergétique se situe au carrefour d’autres droits plus anciens, plus établis. De nature évolutionnaire plus que révolutionnaire, il se coule dans le cadre existant et se soumet aux principes classiques du droit. De nos travaux ressort notamment qu’il fait un usage immodéré d’instruments de planification le soumettant potentiellement à une obligation de résultats mesurables…

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