Energie : papiers de recherche moissonnés (14 mai 2018)

A disruptive approach to 100% decarbonisation of the global energy system by 2050 / Kornelis Blok, Pieter van Exter and Wouter Terlouw. Ecofys, April 2018, 18 p. https://www.ecofys.com/en/publications/energy-transition-within-15c/

Decarbonisation of the global energy system is one of the big challenges society faces today. The Paris Agreement, adopted in 2015, states that efforts should be pursued to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels. This is a tightening of earlier agreements that put the limit at 2°C. In this paper, Ecofys, a Navigant company, explored the question: What does such increased ambition mean for the global energy system?…

La catégorie de consommateur d’énergie de la « transition énergétique ». Entre injonction à l’autonomie pour les ménages et normalisation économique de leurs pratiques / Joseph Cacciari, Gouvernement et action publique, n° 1, 2018/1 https://www.cairn.info/revue-gouvernement-et-action-publique-2018-1-page-85.htm

Cet article porte sur l’histoire et le contenu de la figure du consommateur d’énergie de la transition énergétique française. Prenant la suite des pistes de recherche ouvertes par d’autres enquêtes, on cherchera à mettre en évidence les effets de cadrage de l’expérience consommatrice des individus que cette catégorie est susceptible d’imposer ou au moins d’induire. On interrogera ensuite la manière dont ses promoteurs peuvent parvenir à un tel résultat à travers elle, notamment lorsqu’il s’agit de considérer cette catégorie comme la matrice d’une définition des instruments de régulation du marché et des pratiques des ménages.

Ukrainian Gas Transit: Still Vital for Russian Gas Supplies to Europe as Other Routes Reach Full Capacity / Jack Sharples, Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, May 2018, 10 p. (Oxford Energy comment) https://www.oxfordenergy.org/publications/ukrainian-gas-transit-still-vital-russian-gas-supplies-europe-routes-reach-full-capacity/

With European gas import demand having risen substantially since 2014, Gazprom has dramatically increased its sales on the European market. In Q1 2018, Gazprom reported record daily gas exports to Europe in late February and early March. This Comment addresses the question of how those volumes were delivered to the market, and the extent to which the infrastructure for delivery of those volumes was used,  highlighting that, in times of peak European gas import demand, full utilisation of the Nord Stream and Yamal-Europe pipelines left Ukraine as the only transit route with spare capacity. Until Nord Stream 2 and Turkish Stream are built, Gazprom will remain dependent on gas transit via Ukraine throughout the year, with Ukraine providing substantial flows in summer as European gas storage facilities are refilled, and a combination of significant flows and additional spare capacity in the winter peak demand period.

Tracking SDG7: The Energy Progress Report. International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD), the World Bank, and the World Health Organization (WHO). Washington DC : IBRD ; World Bank, 2018, 177 p. http://trackingsdg7.esmap.org/downloads

Le rapport Tracking SDG7: The Energy Progress Report, lancé aujourd’hui à l’occasion du Forum Énergie durable pour tous, offre la vision la plus complète des avancées réalisées dans le monde en direction des cibles mondiales relatives à l’énergie : accès à l’électricité, modes de cuisson non polluants, énergie renouvelable et efficacité énergétique… lire la suite du communiqué

Decarbonising the Gas Sector: is Renewable Gas a Serious Option? / Andris Piebalgs and Maria Olczak, Florence School of Regulation. European University Institute, April 2018, 10 p. (Policy brief n° 2018/02) http://fsr.eui.eu/publications/decarbonising-the-gas-sector-is-renewable-gas-a-serious-option/

Today, natural gas provides one quarter of the EU’s energy supply. The EU has a well-developed gas network and skilled people to operate and trade the gas. Using natural gas as a fossil fuel produces significant GHG emissions. Because of that the gas sector should engage in the EU’s decarbonisation efforts. One of the most politically acceptable and economically viable ways to decarbonise the gas sector is to inject renewable gas into the existing gas networks…


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