Energie : papiers de recherche moissonnés (17/05/2018)

Market liberalization and decarbonization of the Russian electricity industry / Alexey Khokhlov and Yury Melnikov. Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, May 2018, 6 p. (Oxford energy comment) https://www.oxfordenergy.org/publications/market-liberalization-decarbonization-russian-electricity-industry/

Two decades from the start of the Russian electricity sector’s reform, outcomes are disappointing for those who favour liberalization and decarbonization. On the one hand, the swing towards a liberalized market from the former centrally planned state owned monopoly has been reversed; large state-controlled corporations now dominate the industry landscape. On the other hand, the penetration of wind, solar and small hydro has been insignificant by international standards; and yet the established industry stakeholders complain that support for renewables imposes an unfair burden. In short, neither market liberalisation nor decarbonisation of the Russian electricity industry appear currently to be priorities for the country.

Repenser la lutte contre la précarité énergétique / Sacha Bentolila, Albert Ferrari et Rodi Téginère. Paris : Eurocité, mars 2018, 7 p. http://eurocite.eu/publications/repenser-lutte-contre-precarite-energetique/

« Un Européen sur dix est en situation de précarité énergétique, avec également un risque doublé d’être en mauvaise santé », alerte le baromètre de l’habitat sain, publié le 31 mai 2017 par les instituts Ecofys, Fraunhofer IBP et Copenhagen Economics. Cette situation préoccupante, qui concerne l’Union européenne dans son ensemble, peine toutefois à être prise en considération à sa juste mesure dans les politiques européennes. L’Europe de l’énergie n’est pas qu’un vaste marché intérieur favorisant les échanges, mais doit aussi être un espace de solidarité dans lequel la situation individuelle des citoyens européens face à la hausse des dépenses énergétiques est prise en compte et motive des politiques publiques efficaces.Cet article du groupe énergie d’EuroCité propose un examen du problème de la précarité énergétique, de ses causes et conséquences. Il examine la relation entre précarité énergétique et économique, et propose une approche globale de la question.

Is this the end of the OPEC+ deal? / Bassam Fattouh. Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, May 2018, 4 p. (Oxford energy comment) https://www.oxfordenergy.org/publications/end-opec-deal/

President Trump’s recent decision to exit the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) and the expectation therefore of the loss of Iranian barrels has brought the fate of OPEC+ deal to the fore. For some analysts, this signifies that ‘the current OPEC deal will end by end-2018’1 while for others, the impact may be felt as soon as the next OPEC meeting in June this year as it will be no ‘longer about extending the production cuts, but rather about when to start raising output gradually’…

The Future of Cooling: Opportunities for energy-efficient air conditioning / Brian Dean, John Dulac, Trevor Morgan and Uwe Remme. Paris : IEA, May 2018, 92 p. https://webstore.iea.org/the-future-of-cooling

Using air conditioners and electric fans to stay cool accounts for nearly 20% of the total electricity used in buildings around the world today. Rising demand for space cooling is also putting enormous strain on electricity systems in many countries, as well as driving up emissions. Absent firm policy interventions, there is no doubt that global demand for space cooling and the energy needed to provide it will continue to grow for decades to come. However, there is an enormous opportunity to quickly influence the growth of cooling-related energy demand through policies to improve equipment efficiency. This special IEA report aims to raise awareness globally about one of the most critical energy issues of our time, outlining a sustainable path to the future of cooling that will allow people to reap the benefits of cooling without straining the energy system or the environment.

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