Multicriteria comparison of fuel policies

 Multicriteria comparison of fuel policies: Renewable fuel standards, clean fuel standards,  and fuel GHG tax / D. Rajagopal, G. Hochman, D. Zilberman. Center for Energy and Environmental Economics, 2011, 35 p. (E3 WP-012) 

In this paper, we perform a multicriteria comparison of different policy instruments, such as renewable fuel standard (RFS), low carbon fuel standard (LCFS), greenhouse gas (GHG) tax and a combination of RFS and fuel GHG tax, with the criteria being the share of alternatives to conventional crude oil in domestic fuel consumption (assumed to represent greater energy independence and/or security), the level of GHG emissions, and the domestic price of fuel.  We find that the impacts of these policies depend on whether they are local or global.  When the policies are applied globally, an LCFS results in higher fuel price, lower fuel consumption, and lower GHG emissions than RFS.  But, when policies are regional, and when the fuel transport cost is small, we find that an RFS results in a larger share of alternative to conventional fossil-fuels, the same or lower domestic price of fuel, and a similar level of emissions compared to an LCFS or a fuel GHG tax.  Under these conditions, a RFS may be preferable to other policy instruments. (© UCE3)

Vous aimerez aussi...

Laisser un commentaire

Votre adresse e-mail ne sera pas publiée.

Ce site utilise Akismet pour réduire les indésirables. En savoir plus sur comment les données de vos commentaires sont utilisées.

Rechercher dans OpenEdition Search

Vous allez être redirigé vers OpenEdition Search