Growth in emission transfers via international trade from 1990 to 2008
Growth in emission transfers via international trade from 1990 to 2008 / Glen P. Petersa, Jan C. Minx Christopher L. Weberd, and Ottmar Edenhoferc. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), May 24, 2011, vol. 108 n° 21, pp. 8903-8908
The study compares the growth in emissions from the production of internationally traded products with the reported emission reductions in developed countries.
From 1990 to 2008 we found that while the emissions in countries with emission commitments (Annex B in the Kyoto Protocol) have reduced 2%, the emissions associated with consumption in Annex B countries (carbon footprint) has increased 7%. Our study has global coverage and separates out 113 countries and regions.
International trade has enabled much needed economic development in emerging economies, but at the same time, many rich countries have benefited as they increased consumption without increasing their reported territorial emissions. In 2008, emission increases in developing countries from industrialised countries’ consumption exceeded the emission savings made in industrialised nations by six times.