Energie : papiers de recherche moissonnés (27/02/2020)
The Russia-Ukraine gas transit deal: opening a new chapter / Simon Pirani & Jack Sharples, Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, Feb. 2020, 9 p. (Energy insight ; 64) lien
On 30 December 2019, Gazprom and Naftogaz Ukrainy signed agreements covering the transit of Russian gas through Ukraine for the period 2020-24, with transit volumes of 65 bcm in 2020 and 40 bcm per year thereafter. In this Insight, we analyse how the deal was reached, the terms of the deal, and the likely transit flows via Ukraine during the period of the deal. We conclude that the deal will provide Gazprom with sufficient transit capacity in 2020, and from 2022 onwards, by which time we expect Nord Stream 2 and the Bulgarian & Serbian connections to Turk Stream to be operational. This leaves 2021 as a ‘bridge’ period, in which Gazprom may be obliged to book additional transit capacity via Ukraine.
Renewable energy auctions: Status and trends beyond price. Abu Dhabi : IRENA, Dec. 2019, 104 p. (Report) lien
As the renewable energy sector matures, policies must be adapted to reflect changing market conditions. With the increasing use of auctions, policy makers seek to procure renewables-based electricity at the lowest price and also fulfil socio-economic objectives.
Electrifier l’Afrique rurale, un défi économique, un impératif humain / Fondation énergies pour le monde, 2020 lien
Cet ouvrage propose d’établir un diagnostic complet de la situation, d’en tirer des leçons et de formuler des préconisations pour les années à venir. Concret, précis, fouillé et nourri de nombreux exemples, il est mis à disposition librement afin que toutes les parties prenantes se saisissent de la question de l’accès à l’énergie, se forment, s’informent et agissent.
The European Union-Russia-China energy triangle / Georg Zachmann. Bruegel, Dec. 2019, 11 p. (Policy contribution ; 16) lien
Concern is growing in the European Union that a rapprochement between Russia and China could have negative implications for the EU. We argue that energy relations between the EU and Russia and between China and Russia influence each other. We analyse their interactions in terms of four areas: oil and gas trading, electricity exchanges, energy technology exports and energy investments.
When China sneezes… / Michal Meidan, Oxford Institute for Energy Studies, Feb. 2020, 9 p. (Oxford energy comment) lien
2020 looked to be off to a good start for China. Macroeconomic data pointed to stabilisation as manufacturing activity in December expanded for the second straight month, industrial production growth accelerated, and retail sales continued to rise. Fixed asset investments in December surged and the ‘Phase One’ deal that was signed in Washington on 15 January 2020 supported market sentiment…