Reducing petroleum consumption from transportation

Reducing petroleum consumption from transportation / Christopher R. Knittel. MIT-CEEPR, Dec. 2011, 35 p. (CEEPR WP 2011-020)

http://web.mit.edu/ceepr/www/publications/workingpapers/2011-020.pdf

The United States consumed more petroleum-based liquid fuel per capita than any other OECD- high-income country30 percent more than the second-highest country (Canada) and 40 percent more than the third-highest (Luxemburg). This paper examines the main channels through which reductions in U.S. oil consumption might take place: (a) increased fuel economy of existing vehicles, (b) increased use of non-petroleum-based low-carbon fuels, (c) alternatives to the internal combustion engine, and (d) reduced vehicles miles travelled. I then discuss how the policies for reducing petroleum consumption used in the US compare with the standard economics prescription for using a Pigouvian tax to deal with externalities. Taking into account that energy taxes are a political hot button in the United States, and also considering some evidence that consumers may not correctly value fuel economy, I o er some thoughts about the margins on which policy aimed at reducing petroleum consumption might usefully proceed. (© the author)



Citer ce billet
Danièle Revel (2012, 4 janvier). Reducing petroleum consumption from transportation. Veille énergie climat. Consulté le 18 juin 2024, à l’adresse https://doi.org/10.58079/o9ea

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