Inclusive green growth : the pathway to sustainable development
Inclusive green growth : the pathway to sustainable development / Marianne Fay, Stéphane Hallegatte, et al. World Bank, 2012, 192 p. DOI: 10.1596/978-0-8213-9551-6
Presentation (copyright © World Bank) :
The report examines policies and best practices for crafting a green growth strategy.
Inclusive green growth is the pathway to sustainable development. It is the only way to reconcile the rapid growth required to bring developing countries to the level of prosperity to which they aspire, meet the needs of the more than 1 billion people still living in poverty, and fulfill the global imperative of a better environment. Over the past 20 years, economic growth has lifted more than 660 million people out of poverty and raised the income levels of millions more, but growth has often come at the expense of the environment.
A variety of market, policy and institutional failures mean that the Earth’s natural capital tends to be used in ways that are economically inefficient and wasteful, without sufficient reckoning of the true social costs of resource depletion, and without adequate reinvestment in other forms of wealth.
Moreover, despite the gains from growth, 1.3 billion people do not have access to electricity, 2.6 billion have no access to sanitation, and 900 million lack safe, clean drinking water.
Growth must be inclusive to be sustainable. Growth also must be environmentally sound.
To get to sustainable development, we need well-designed, inclusive green growth policies that can improve social welfare for all, promote careful stewardship of natural resources, and respect the delicate balance of the planet we will leave to future generations.
–> A ce propos : « La croissance verte n’est pas un luxe, c’est une opportunité de développement », Le Monde, 11/05/2012
L’économiste Stéphane Hallegatte est l’un des auteurs du rapport publié le 10 mai par la Banque mondiale, intitulé «Croissance verte pour tous »…