Étiqueté : energy efficiency

Achieving energy efficiency through behaviour change: what does it take?

This EEA’s report provides a review of available literature on measures targeting consumer behaviour in order to achieve energy savings. It focuses on: Energy efficiency measures and behaviour change; structural factors – such as the impact of liberalisation and the energy mix and energy tariff structures; the rebound effect.

Energy efficiency governance. The case of white certificate instruments for energy efficiency in Europe

Energy efficiency contributes to the main objectives of energy policy in the European Union: energy security, cost effectiveness and environmental benefits. However, the efficiency potential remains widely untapped. Will White Certificate Instruments, a new framework instrument to foster end-use energy efficiency, help to close the energy efficiency gap? The analysis compares the political process of choosing and designing White Certificate Instruments in Italy, France and Great Britain…

Bridging the energy efficiency gap: Insights for policy from economic theory and empirical analysis

The failure of consumers to make seemingly cost-effective investments in energy efficiency is commonly referred to as the energy efficiency gap. We review the most recent literature relevant to the energy efficiency gap and in particular discuss what the latest insights from behavioral economics might mean for the gap…

Mobilising investment in energy efficiency

This IEA analysis addresses the fact that, to date, relatively little effort has been directed toward evaluating how well economic instruments work. Using the buildings sector to illustrate how such measures can support energy efficiency, this paper can help policy makers better select and design economic instruments appropriate to their policy objectives and national contexts…

Energy efficiency: Trends and perspectives in the Southern Mediterranean

This CEPS paper has two objectives. First, it attempts to establish the potential of policies on energy efficiency and energy demand-side management in the southern Mediterranean region. Second, by examining past trends in energy intensity and trends up to 2030, it analyses the prospects and costs of such policies, compared with expected developments in the price of energy resources

Green growth unravelled: how rebound effects baffle sustainability targets when the economy keeps growing

This paper explores the range of possible rebound effects, outlines their quantitative extent and describes the difficulties encountered by political efforts to contain them. It reveals that there is an urgent need for rebound effects to be taken into account in scientific scenarios and in policy-making.

Distributed Load-Shedding in the Balancing of Electricity Markets

Thanks to “smart grids”, consumers will gradually become active players in electricity markets, especially by voluntarily decreasing their consumption when receiving scarcity messages from the market operator. For a fast and efficient transition to a more dynamic industry, the regulatory and pricing scheme used both for the endowment of consumers with curtailment rights and the exercise of the options must decentralize the socially optimal dispatching…

In pursuit of energy efficiency in India’s agriculture: Fighting ‘free power’ or working with it?

En Inde, 70% de l’électricité est produite à base de charbon; le secteur agricole en consomme un quart pour l’extraction d’eau souterraine à des fins d’irrigation. Améliorer l’efficacité énergétique de l’agriculture indienne est donc une priorité  pour la planète. Pourtant, la situation est rendue extrêmement complexe, par la politique de “Free Power” menée en direction des fermiers, profondément ancrée depuis la “Révolution verte” des années 1970, et aujourd’hui vivement critiquée par de nombreux technocrates indiens et internationaux. Selon eux, le “Free Power” est la seule cause de l’inefficacité économique. Les auteurs de cette étude, fruit d’enquêtes menées dans quatre Etats indiens, contestent ce point de vue : si le “free power” est une contrainte, il est essentiel de s’en accommoder, plutôt que de le considérer comme un problème à éradiquer.

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