Étiqueté : international agreements

Facilitating Linkage of Heterogeneous Regional, National, and Sub-National Climate Policies Through a Future International Agreement

Negotiations pursuant to the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action appear likely to lead to a 2015 Paris agreement that embodies a hybrid climate policy architecture, combining top-down elements, such as for monitoring, reporting, and verification, with bottom-up elements, including “nationally determined contributions” from each participating country, detailing what it intends to do to reduce emissions, based on its national circumstances.

Identifying options for a new international climate regime Arising from the Durban Platform for enhanced action

This Issue Brief  examines the degree to which the agreement reflects “top-down” direction to national governments, “bottom-up” policy initiatives from national governments—or both; and how the new agreement might enable increasing ambition over time with regard to reducing greenhouse-gas emissions, on the part of national governments.

Climate policy after Kyoto – Analytical insights into key issues in the climate negotiations

Limiting global warming to 2 °C above pre-industrial levels is the objective agreed on in international climate negotiations. Due to upward revisions of greenhouse gas emission projections in emerging economies, such as India, Brazil, Mexico and China, achieving this objective has become more difficult. (© Michel den Elzen & Stephan Slingerland)

Forks in the Road – Alternative routes for international climate policies and their implications for the Netherlands

Alternative routes for international climate policies, such as have been proposed in recent years by several parties, may benefit societal support for these policies worldwide. The Netherlands could make clever use of these proposals for its own international climate strategy. (© Michel den Elzen & Stephan Slingerland)

Sustainable climate treaties

The authors examine a global refunding scheme for mitigating climate change. Countries pay an initial fee into a global fund that is invested in long-run assets. In each period, part of the fund is distributed among the participating countries in relation to the emission reductions they have achieved in this period. Two possible types of sustainable treaty are identified…

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